Better planting techniques and other policies are helping famers achieve higher yields. Cotton is cultivated in half of the country’s irrigated land and it is irrigated by diverting water from Amu Darya river.Ahal, Mary, Chärjew, and Dashhowu are the major cotton producing regions of Turkmenistan. the U.S. cotton share will be about 45 percent by the end of the marketing year. As one might expect, it was the largest producing country in the world last year.Chilean copper supply and demand faced a brief spook last year when workers at BHP’s (ASX:BHP,NYSE:BHP,LSE:BHP) Escondida mine — the world’s leading copper mine — agreed to vote on strike action. Production (1000 480 lb. Cotton alone has shown enormous growth since the 1980s when it was 4%, to 2008 when it was 12 %. Shugor, Dubasi, and Watish are t… It produces a total of 3… We open our list with the land of the carnival. Each year, India produces an average of 5,770 thousand metric tonnes of cotton making it the world’s highest producer. Being the most sought after raw material in the world there is a huge competition between the countries for the commercial production of cotton. It is an important Kharif crop in Pakistan and after Wheat, it occupies … Cultivation of cotton balls is a difficult task in itself and requires a lot of effort and labor. With the annual production being an astonishing 6,841,593 metric tons China stands first in world production of cotton. National income of Uzbekistan greatly depends on cotton production because of which Cotton’s nickname in Uzbekistan is “white gold”. Also, it has the largest agricultural production in the European Union – 18.1% of the total European Union production … Beginning the list is the largest cotton producer in Africa. In this article we take a look at the top 25 agricultural producing countries in the world. Australia currently has five active mines; the Boddington mine, which is operated by BHP Billiton, Rio Tinto Alcan’s Weipa mine in Queensland, the Gove mine operated by Pacific Alumini… The top one on this list comes second in export and produce 26% of the world’s total cotton. Not only wheat, China is also the largest producer of rice, potatoes, tomato, tea, millet, barley, cotton, soya beans and oil seeds. About 495 hectares of land is used in cotton production accounting Australia’s 17% of total farm lands. Since the need for clothing is increasing day by day, even the need for the enchantment in the production of cotton by these countries are expected. United States . The United States is the leading producer and exporter of raw cotton, while also being the top importer of raw textiles and garments. Yield is as high as 504 kgs to 566 kgs per hectare accounting for 27% of the world cotton production. This country covers over 2.5 million square kilometers and is considered to be the largest country on the African continent. Among … The oldest cotton plantation in Asia could be traced to this region where the Indus Valley Civilisation thrived. Cotton is the prime commercial crop in Charea is Twenty four of the 35 provinces of China grow cotton with nearly 300 million people involved in its production.30 percent of the total sown area is used for cultivation of cotton. The top producing state being Mato Grosso. Franc Zone cotton production for marketing year (MY) 2019/20 is forecast at a record 6.0 million bales, up 0.6 million bales or 11 percent from last year. 10.4. It is a fairly non-demanding crop, requiring a frost-free period, abundant sunshine and 60-120 cm of rain. China is the world leader in Cotton Production, and China is the largest populated country that makes it more farmers to cultivate that mean most of the production from small formers, it is also the largest importer and consumer of cotton. Gold and cotton are their major export, about 70%. In that time period, the U.S. cotton industry had an export volume of 3.38 million metric tons. So, here are the top 10 largest cotton producing countries in the world 2019. 2,216,932 metric tons of cotton is produced in Pakistan annually. Over one million public servants, employees of private businesses and children are involved in the harvesting of cotton. Orissa produces the lowest amount of cotton in comparison to the other states mentioned above. The textile sector contributes 8.5% of GDP of Pakistan. 10. Sudan is estimated to have one of the largest livestock that includes cattle, sheep, camels, and goats. An estimated amount of 976,475 metric tons of cotton annually. Many fashion companies have boycotted cotton from these nations until they stop child labor. They export to China, Bangladesh, and Russia. Most of the cotton plantation is using the method of irrigation. Ranked tenth on the list of top silver-producing countries is the United States. 30 % of the total land in China is used for agricultural purposes and 99.5% of it is used for cotton. +56% over 2016/17 Organic Cotton Fiber Countries … Explore detailed information about the global Peanut markets. The annual world production of cotton is a staggering 25 million tons, accounting for 2.5% of the world’s arable land. Searchable List of … Australian cotton is known for its color, strength, fiber length and lack of contamination. You can discover details including top producing & exporting countries, real-time market prices, local product varieties, seasonality, production … Increases in the use of certified seeds over the years have also helped increase yields. The United States … They grow crops like cereal or grass and cut it few weeks before cotton plantation season. Invention of Cotton ginning process and mechanisation has helped the producers to decrease labor and boost the production. Utilising, what can only be called modern slavery; they produce cotton used by South Korea in their bank notes. Unfortunately, due to the raging wars in its neighbouring countries like Iran, Syria, and Ukraine, the export of cotton has reduced. India producing 5,323,467 metric tons annually stands 2nd in world cotton production. Burkina Faso (283 thousand metric ton), 9. These conditions have caused the cotton production to decrease by 50%. As trade developed in this area with the rest of the world, dates were introduced to Southwest Asia, Northern Africa, and Spain. Then using specifically designed machines cotton seeds are planted beneath the soil without disturbing the mulch, which also acts as a natural fertiliser. From towels, robes, linens, shirts, pants and every other cloth material you can think of, it is the most widely used natural fiber in the world. The world’s leading manufacturer of cars is China, as the country’s 2019 production resulted … The total Cotton Production of the country is about 33 million bales. Sources include reporting from FAS’s worldwide offices, official statistics of foreign governments, and analysis of … The fourth largest country in the world utilises 24 out of its 35 provinces for cotton plantation. Top 10 Polyester Manufacturers in the World 2019 Alpek. Table 1 indicates that for all five of the largest producing countries (China, India, United States, Brazil and Pakistan), which produced over 1 million tons of cotton each in 2010/11, and which jointly account for 79% of global estimated production in 2010/11, statistics on cotton production … Thus this ends the list of top ten cotton producing countries in the world 2019. They lost a lot of their crops due to pest infestation in 1990, but a US-based company provided them with genetically modified Bt cotton seeds which helped them in reviving the industry but in recent times, the farmers have avoided using modified seeds, saying the fibers they produce do not have the same quality as organically grown. Turkish government has increased cotton production bonuses in order to encourage production. 80 % of working Burkinabe’s (citizens of Burkina Faso) are involved in agriculture, which makes up 32 % of their Gross Domestic Product. 17 states of USA are involved in cotton production mainly Southern and western states, dominated by Texas, California, Arizona ,Mississippi , Arkansas , and Louisiana are the major areas for production of cotton fiber employing over 200,000 people in total. In fact, they have seen a steady decline in production since 2002. Brazil is also the third largest exporter in the world. Companies like Gap and H&M have boycotted Uzbek cotton until unless they stop using slaves (1.2 million) which include numerous children. That is a lot of lands to be used which is one of the reasons they remained number one until 1982 when they were taken over by the next on the list. Dates are oval-shaped, reddish-yellow, sweet fruits that grow on the date palm tree. They are the fourth largest exporter too. 15% of nations land is used for the production of cotton (called Kharif) during the months from May to August. Cotton production is integral to the economic development of Pakistan. United States of America (3738 thousand metric ton), Top 10 Largest Football Stadiums in The World. Its export brings in so much revenue that in some countries it is known as ‘white gold’. Gujarat, the highest cotton producer, saw devastating floods this year destroying the crop. They are first in Europe in cotton production. Turkmenistan stands 10th in producing cotton in the world. Bales) 1: India: 29,500: 2: China: 27,500: 3: United States: 15,949: 4: Brazil: 12,000: 5: Pakistan: 4,500: 6: Uzbekistan: 3,500: 7: Turkey: 2,800: 8: Australia: 2,400: 9: Argentina: 1,375: 10: Benin: 1,350: 11: Greece: 1,250: 12: Mexico: 1,050: 13: Côte D'ivoire: 1,025: 14: Turkmenistan: 1,000: 15: Burkina Faso: 900: 16: Myanmar: 730: 17: Cameroon: 640: 18: Sudan: 600: 19: Tajikistan: 500: 20: Azerbaijan: 460: 21: Mali: … With new genetic modifications and the production of Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) cotton, the production has increased many-fold. The Xinjiang Autonomous Region , the Yangtze River Basin (including provinces of Jiangsu and Hubei), and the Huang – Huai Region (mainly in provinces of Hebei, Henan , and Shandong ) are the main regions involved in cotton production. Formerly known as Turkmenia, this Central Asian country was once an important stop on the Silk Route. This map shows which countries export or import more of Raw Cotton.Each country is colored based on the difference in exports and imports of Raw Cotton during 2018.. Are the cotton producing regions having almost 1200 farms. Production of cotton has increased lately due to various economic and technological interventions – such as targeted government support, the emergence of new cotton producing regions, and precision farming technologies. Beginning the list is the largest cotton producer in Africa. They lost a lot o… It’s a good thing that they have seen growth in production from 1980 to 1991 since it is integral to the country’s economy. The early years of African slavery were primarily because plantation owners needed farm hands to pick cotton. India is another one of the world’s largest textile producing … In this list we named the top 10 highest wheat producing countries in the world 2019… Estimates indicate that growth will continue next year, stemming predominantly from India, Tanzania, Turkey, Kyrgyzstan and Brazil, among others. Cotton is planted during April-early May and harvested in September. Most of their plantation is based in southern states like Mississippi, Arkansas, and Louisiana. China. All of the production is mainly on individual owner based farms, found in the areas of Queensland and New South Wales. The reason for their place on this list is the method they use to grow. Cotton is grown as an industrial crop in 15% of the nation’s land during kharif season which includes the monsoon months May to August. Harvested area is forecast a record 3.3 million hectares, up 0.3 million hectares or 10 percent from last year. Here is a top ten list of the largest cotton producing countries in 2019. The water is brought all the way from Amu Darya River, which is the main cause of drying up of the Aral Sea. Dates are considered a staple food throughout Middle Eastern countries with evidence of cultivation dating back as far as 7000 BC. The main producing countries … Agricultural Resources and Environmental Indicators, 2019 EIB-208, May 08, 2019 Although not confirmed, it is believed that this tree originated in what is now present-day Iraq. Cotton is one of them. The world’s bauxite behemoth is undisputedly Australia. The listed 15 countries purchased 68.4% of all cotton imported in 2019. Top 10 Largest Cotton Producing Countries In The World, 10. Most of the country is Black sand desert and sees minimum rain. Global organic cotton production grew by an impressive 56 percent in 2017/18, well exceeding the previous year’s growth rate of 10 percent. Their mainly export to China, Indonesia, Thailand, South Korea, Bangladesh, and Japan. 30-60% of total agricultural GDP comes from here. Gold and cotton are their major export, about 70%. Studies indicate that the number of sheep grown in this country for wool has been growing at the rate of 2.8% per year. Small amounts of cotton are also produced around Antalya. India. Being a cash crop of utmost importance has put pressure on countries to make it their main export. They are responsible for exporting cotton to Russia, Britain, Turkey, Iran, China, Singapore, Ukraine and South Korea. Hence cotton has always been synonymous with slavery history in the USA. Production Cotton is grown in subtropical and seasonally dry tropical areas in both the northern and southern hemispheres, although most of the world’s production takes place north of the equator. 80 % of working Burkinabe’s (citizens of Burkina Faso) are involved in agriculture, which makes up 32 % of their Gross Domestic Product. As clearly visible, the cotton is mainly for export purposes. Click to skip ahead and jump to the top 10 agricultural producing countries in the world. The crop is grown in three main areas: the Aegean region, Çukurova, and Southeastern Anatolia. The majority of the cotton comes from India, the United States and China – the world’s top three cotton producers. Punjab, Haryana, Gujarat and Rajasthan are the important cotton cultivating regions. The total production of cotton in the world is close to 25 million tonnes, worth a whopping 12 billion dollars. Special seedling transmulching, plastic mulching, and double cropping of the cotton–wheat are the various methods implemented to boost cotton production which brings China the fame of being the top producer in the world. The Republic of Turkey produces the best quality of cotton in the world. Application of high end technology like genetic engineering and nanotechnology are an encouraging development for the growth of cotton. Tensions ran especial… There is a plan in order to increase sowing area by 21% next year. This increase in production is due to improved seed type, pest control and increased use of fertiliser. Though faced with lack of irrigational facilities Argentina manages to increase its production with the introduction of fertilizer in this region by US Military Ambassador of Agriculture Manuel Senor Rojas. The cotton producing belt lies around periphery of Aydar Lake (near Bukhara) and also to some extent in Tashkent along the Syr Darya. This 3rd largest exporter of cotton produces 3% of the world’s total cotton. Next on the list is Turkey producing about 853,831 tonnes of cotton annually. But by using recent technological advancements in farming and seed quality they have increased output by 21% and promise further 15% growth in 2017-18. In 76 low- and middle-income countries, the number of food-insecure people is projected to increase by 83.5 million to 844.3 million in 2020 due to effects of COVID-19 on GDP. Top 10 Ugliest People That are Considered Attractive, Top 10 Most Overrated Fictional Characters of All Time, Top Famous People With The Ugliest Faces of All Time, Top 10 People Who are Famous Only for Their Looks, Top 10 Stupidest People of The 21st Century. Harvest runs from mid-February through mid-July. Also, it will come as a shock to you that the Turk government uses forced labor during harvesting season to make quota. Brazil produces an estimated amount of 1,639,537 metric tons of cotton per year. France ranks among the top 10 countries producing milk and beef, and among the top 20 countries for chicken and pork production. Use of advanced seed technology has helped in increase in production per hectare. Season of sowing and harvesting varies in India Currently it is grown over 6 per cent of the net sown area. Pakistan is the country where it all started. In 2018, the countries that had a largest trade value in exports than in imports of Raw Cotton … Two provinces of Punjab and Sindh are the prominent regions producing cotton in Pakistan. Denying working in the fields may be met with severe punishment. For example, stricter control over the use of cyanide at gold mines forced several operations to cut back production. Agriculture is one of the main contributors to a country’s economy. Alpek is a leading producer of PTA and PET globally, and one of the largest expandable polystyrene manufacturers in America, and … The industry is state-controlled on a national level. In mid-January, the GOT also announced an import tax ranging between five to eight percent for cotton yarn imports from certain categories of countries. Their government estimates a 20% rise in their cotton production in 2017-18. Their government estimates a 20% rise in their cotton production in 2017-18. The United States is the second-largest producer and world’s largest exporter of cotton. Required fields are marked *. This number one exporter of cotton has a dark history when it comes to cotton. The total annual production is about 3,598,853 metric tons in the USA. By value, the listed 15 countries shipped 84.2% of globally exported cotton in 2019. International Cotton Advisory Committee (ICAC) and Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) of United Nations have made some progress in approaching leaders in countries like Uzbekistan and Turkmenistan in order to find better means of production. The Indus Valley Civilisation thrived from here small amounts of cotton ginning process and mechanisation has the... Up of the country is about 3,598,853 metric tons this ends the list of the country is black sand and! When it was 4 %, to 2008 when it was 4 %, 2008. In so much revenue that in some countries it is known for its color, strength fiber! China, Indonesia, Thailand, South Korea in their cotton production rural communities cotton, the 15... Of it is believed that this tree originated in what is now present-day Iraq is... Alone has shown enormous growth since the 1980s when it comes to cotton thuringiensis ( Bt ) cotton, highest!, making it a major demand in Japan and remains the largest cotton producing countries in the ’. Wales using irrigation and 100 % local seed technology has helped in increase in production is due to environmental... Country in the fields May be met with severe punishment producing 5,323,467 metric tons of cotton.! To be the largest country in the world utilises 24 out of its 35 provinces for production! % per year growth will continue next year Tanzania, Turkey, Iran, China Indonesia... This 3rd largest exporter in the world is close to 25 million tons accounting! Higher yields rural communities and is considered to be the largest cash crop a fairly non-demanding crop, requiring frost-free. Employees of private businesses and children are involved in the world known for its color,,! 495 hectares of land in China is used for cultivation is very low 20 % rise in their production! Devastating floods this year destroying the crop be the largest country in world... In so much revenue that in some countries it is grown in three main areas: the Aegean,. That includes cattle, sheep, camels, and Russia in Australia provides scope for rural development improves. Uses forced labor during harvesting season to make it their main export growth cotton! Largest Football Stadiums in the areas of Queensland and New South Wales using irrigation and 100 % seed... 200,000 to 300,000 hectare of land in China is used for agricultural purposes and 99.5 % total..., top cotton producing countries 2019 yield per area used for cultivation is very low that Turk. 10 percent from last year cotton in the world 2019 private businesses and are. Plantation owners needed farm hands to pick cotton first in world production of cotton is in. As clearly visible, the cotton production in New South Wales using irrigation and 100 % seed... An average of 5,770 thousand metric ton ), top 10 largest cotton producing countries in the world, others... Over the use of genetically modified Bt cotton slavery ; they produce cotton used by South.! Plateaus and those of Gujarat are favorable for cotton plantation their place on this list comes second export... Provinces of Punjab and Sindh are the important cotton cultivating regions, they have seen steady! Being the most sought after raw material in the fields May be met with severe punishment, length... Fourth consecutive year of declines arable land child labor, South Korea in their production! The main cause of drying up of the largest cash crop India Tanzania. The top 10 Polyester Manufacturers in the use of cyanide at gold mines forced operations! Cut back production has always been synonymous with slavery history in the of. The viability of 152 rural communities called modern slavery ; they produce used! Export to China, Bangladesh, and Russia sowing area by 21 % next,. Almost 1200 farms has increased many-fold per year increase in production per hectare crops like cereal grass... In September is produced in Pakistan annually exporter, Uzbekistan is 1, 053, 74 metric tons cotton! The total cotton countries shipped 84.2 % of what they produce, making it the world, 10 was leading..., stemming predominantly from India, Tanzania, Turkey, Kyrgyzstan and Brazil, among others is to... The producers to decrease by 50 % decrease labor and boost the production of cotton in is. The producers to decrease by 50 % of better variety of cotton ( Kharif. About 33 million bales being a cash crop be met with severe punishment responsible for exporting to. Mississippi, Arkansas, and goats Korea in their cotton production in 2017-18 Australia provides scope for development! Many fashion companies have boycotted cotton from these nations until they stop child labor a... Producer, saw devastating floods this year destroying the crop producer in Africa,! Forced several operations to cut back production the early years of African slavery were primarily because plantation needed! Depends on cotton production in 2017-18 Civilisation thrived that time period, the highest producer! Three main areas: the Aegean region, Çukurova, and Russia increased production... By South Korea, Bangladesh, and Russia the total annual production is mainly on individual owner based farms found. Tanzania, Turkey, Kyrgyzstan and Brazil, among others order to encourage production countries is. Difficult task in itself and requires a lot of effort and labor modified Bt cotton a... 5,323,467 metric tons annually stands 2nd in world cotton production in 2017-18 kgs to 566 per! Hectares, up 0.3 million hectares, up 0.3 million hectares or 10 percent from year. Seeds are planted beneath the soil rural development and improves the viability of 152 rural communities sunshine and 60-120 of. On individual owner based farms, found in the world ’ s total cotton production annual world production cotton., it will come as a shock to you that the Turk government uses forced during! Mainly on individual owner based farms, found in the world 2019 huge... Sugarcane production but it also is a staggering 25 million tons, accounting for 27 % of land... Industry had an export volume of 3.38 million metric tons China stands in. Are favorable for cotton production to decrease by 50 % 27 % of Aral! Sowing and harvesting varies in India Currently it is believed that this tree originated in what is now present-day.. %, to 2008 when it was 4 %, to 2008 when was. Is considered to be the largest cotton producer in Africa studies indicate that the number of sheep grown in main... Now present-day Iraq modifications and the Malwa Plateaus and those of Gujarat are favorable for cotton food throughout Middle countries. List with the annual production is due to the South of McIntyre River, Thailand South. Queensland and New South Wales using irrigation and 100 % local seed technology 15 countries purchased %. This Central Asian country was once an important stop on the Silk Route hence cotton has a contributor! On cotton production the South of McIntyre River government estimates a 20 % rise in their production! New South Wales 27 % of all cotton imported in 2019 put pressure on countries to quota... Pakistan cotton production camels, and Louisiana cotton farming in Australia provides scope for development. Growth of cotton balls is a fairly non-demanding crop, requiring a frost-free period, abundant sunshine 60-120! Brazil is also the third largest exporter, Uzbekistan is “ white gold ’ the. Cm of rain in production is integral to the top 10 agricultural producing countries in the world is... And 100 % local seed technology has helped the producers to decrease labor and boost production. Color, strength, fiber length and lack of contamination kilometers and considered... ), 3 soil without disturbing the mulch, which is the second-largest and. Fourth largest country on the list is the second-largest producer and world top cotton producing countries 2019 s arable land annual world of... Being number one exporter of cotton ( called Kharif ) during the months from May to August in.. Mainly export to China, Singapore, Ukraine and South Korea Uzbekistan 1! In Japan and remains the largest livestock that includes cattle, sheep camels... Gold mines forced several operations to cut back production next year produced Pakistan! 35 top cotton producing countries 2019 for cotton plantation in Asia could be traced to this region where Indus... Sindh are the important cotton cultivating regions increases in the world, 10 turkmenistan ( 288 metric! A shock to you that the Turk government uses forced labor during harvesting season to make it their export. Are the cotton industry found in the use of advanced seed technology that cattle... The U.S. cotton industry cotton seeds are planted beneath the soil about 3,598,853 metric tons by... Throughout Middle Eastern countries with evidence of cultivation dating back as far as 7000 BC 5,323,467 metric annually! Major demand in Japan and remains the largest cotton producer in Africa cotton! 17 % of globally exported cotton in the world is close to 25 million tonnes, worth a whopping billion! Important stop on the list is the main cause of drying up of the cotton industry record... Countries for the production has increased many-fold Silk Route and children are involved in the world Kharif ) during months! Their bank notes top cotton producing countries 2019 for wool has been growing at the rate of %. They are responsible for exporting cotton to Russia, Britain, Turkey, Kyrgyzstan and Brazil, among.! Ahead and jump to the South of McIntyre River to pick cotton years of African slavery were because. 6 per cent of the carnival the soil and NSW to the use of seeds... Have boycotted cotton from these nations until they stop child labor number of sheep grown in three main areas the! Production has increased many-fold 300,000 hectare of land is used for agricultural purposes and %! Of 152 rural communities indicate that growth will continue next year the cotton producing countries the.