A total of 185 rice samples (various types of rice) collected from different four regions in Thailand and some other Asian countries were analyzed. > The USA Rice Federation, which represents thousands of rice farmers, maintains that rice is safe and nutritious and that, "there is not sufficient data about arsenic levels in rice or potential risk to human health on which to base any recommendations to lower consumption or stop eating rice." Neither the Thai nor the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has made any recommendation or regulations about naturally occurring arsenic in rice. Please use our forum for more candid, lengthy, conversational and open discussion between one another. Petru Jitaru, Sandrine Millour, Marco Roman, Kaoutar El Koulali, Laurent Noël, Thierry Guérin. Penradee Chanpiwat, Supanad Hensawang, Parin Suwatvitayakorn, Montree Ponsin. Arsenic Levels Arsenic is a toxic heavy metal found in soil, rock, and water. Metal(loid)s (As, Hg, Se, Pb and Cd) in paddy soil: Bioavailability and potential risk to human health. Integrating the Gutzeit method with X-Ray fluorescence spectroscopy for rapid quantification of inorganic arsenic in selected beverages. Healthful Rice: Report Shows Rice Least Contaminated with Arsenic. Arsenic in Rice and Rice Products . Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture. Reviewers, Librarians For instance, white rice grown in California, India, and Pakistan, contains approximately 50 percent less inorganic arsenic than other types of rice. Rice uses over half of the arable land and labor force in Thailand. The Altmetric Attention Score is a quantitative measure of the attention that a research article has received online. A simple extraction with water and digestion with α-amylase followed by the analysis using ion-paring mode HPLC separation was developed. The limits of quantification (LOQ) of AsIII, AsV, MMA, and DMA that were calculated based on sample mass were 1.6, 2.0, 2.0, and 1.6 μg kg–1, respectively. The New Inconvenient Truth: Global Contamination of Food by Chemical Pollutants, Particularly Heavy Metals and Metalloids. Arsenic concentrations, diversity and co-occurrence patterns of bacterial and fungal communities in the feces of mice under sub-chronic arsenic exposure through food. US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) - the government agency in the US that works for food safety (See Wikipedia) recommendation - a suggestion or piece of advice about how to solve a problem, deal with a situation คำแนะนำ หรือข้อเสนอแนะ regulations - rules made by the government to control how some activity is done กฎระเบียบ Neither the Thai nor the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has made any recommendation or regulations about naturally occurring arsenic in rice. "Avoid brown rice syrup and foods made with it, many of which are 'junk food' anyway," the university's letter concluded, "even if they are 'organic' or come from a health-food store." So although removing the bran and germ to make white rice reduces the arsenic present, some brown rice can still contain lesser traces of arsenic. Rice from the Czech Republic, Bhutan, Italy, India and Thailand also had significantly high lead levels, the researchers said. They also indicated that in the past, they didn’t test their rice. Scare stories about arsenic in rice re-emerged last year, motivating scientists and researchers to look more deeply into the subject. Arsenic speciation in locally grown rice grains from Hunan Province, China: Spatial distribution and potential health risk. Shahid, Rahul Tripathi, S. Vijayakumar, Debarati Bhaduri, Upendra Kumar, Sangita Mohanty, P. Panneerselvam, Dibyendu Chatterjee, B.S. 54 publications. Your Mendeley pairing has expired. The total As and inorganic As in rice samples were in the ranges of 22.51–375.39 and 13.89–232.62 μg kg–1, respectively. But the FDA has not set a limit on the amount of plain rice adults should eat. Consumer Reports found that white basmati rice from California, India and Pakistan, as well as U.S. sushi rice, has about half the inorganic arsenic amount of many other rice types. Supanad Hensawang, Byung‐Tae Lee, Kyoung‐Woong Kim, Penradee Chanpiwat. Human health implications, risk assessment and remediation of As-contaminated water: A critical review. Dr. Meharg’s research also discovered that some of the lowest arsenic levels among foreign rice are found in basmati rice from India and Pakistan and jasmine rice from Thailand. Assessing inorganic arsenic in rice and its health risk to consumers in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam. Guangchao Tang, Jilin Wang, Yang Li, Xingguang Su. Rice is also a major Thai export. U.S. rice is a safe and wholesome food. The estimated weekly intake of inorganic As from rice by Thai people accounted for 13.91–29.22% of the provisional tolerable weekly intake (PTWI). & Account Managers, For Tick here to also post this comment on your facebook wall. Chunyapuk Kukusamude, Phitchan Sricharoen, Nunticha Limchoowong, Supalak Kongsri. Phitthaya Nookongbut, Duangporn Kantachote, Kannan Krishnan, Mallavarapu Megharaj. Low levels of arsenic can be found in all grains, not just rice, worldwide. Manuela Ruiz-de-Cenzano, Arancha Rochina-Marco, Maria Luisa Cervera, Miguel de la Guardia. But it’s not what you eat; it’s what you absorb. Atomic spectrometry updates. Tsanangurayi TongesayiSunungurai Tongesayi. Hai Anh Vu, Manh Ha Nguyen, Hong-An Vu-Thi, Quan Do-Hong, Xuan Hoang Dang, Thi Ngoc Bich Nguyen, Hong Quan Trinh, Thuy Ly Bich, Tien-Thanh Nguyen, Dung Le-Van, Minh Binh Tu, Dinh Binh Chu. in an aptamer–nanosol. Rice is also a major Thai export. Rice from Taiwan and China contained the highest levels of lead, although rice from Italy, India, Thailand, Bhutan and the Czech Republic also contained levels higher than the PTTI. Buy Imported Rice. ) based on the fluorescence resonance energy transfer between CdTe QDs and Rhodamine 6G. 15 Jan 2013 Research by the University of California into fears and claims of arsenic in rice said Tuesday that the world famous Thai khao hom mali had the least amount of the naturally produced poison of any grain in the world. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry. A 2007 study in Environmental Health Perspectives, for example, found less arsenic in rice grown in California than in the southcentral U.S. Another paper found that basmati rice from India and Pakistan, as well as jasmine rice from Thailand, had the least arsenic. Huimin Yu, Chenghui Li, Yunfei Tian, Xiaoming Jiang. Please be aware that all comments will be looked at by the web moderating team and we reserve the right to approve or reject comments at our discretion. You’ve supercharged your research process with ACS and Mendeley! As part of our special report on arsenic in rice, we surveyed gluten-free manufacturers, asking them what types of rice they use, the geographical origin of the rice, whether they test for arsenic, and inviting their comments. Learning From News. Learning Comparison of strategies for sample preparation prior to spectrometric measurements for determination and speciation of arsenic in rice. Jasmine rice … In the present study, the extraction and HPLC-ICP-MS analysis for As speciation in rice were investigated. For example, arsenic can accumulate in the body from a seemingly innocuous food — rice! Arsenic accumulation in rice (Oryza sativa L.) is influenced by environment and genetic factors. In humans, it is possible to be exposed to arsenic through air, soil, water and food. Lundberg Family Farms actually test their rice and publish the results on their website. Find more information about Crossref citation counts. Jiating Wang, Wei Hu, Huilin Yang, Fubin Chen, Yanling Shu, Guiwei Zhang, Jizhen Liu, Yungang Liu, Huawen Li, Lianxian Guo. The study, publicised online Tuesday in a press release, also failed to reach any conclusion about the dangers of arsenic in rice. 3+ There are other options, such as cooking rice in large amounts of water, and then draining the rice, like pasta, to reduce arsenic as well. https://www.nutrition.org.uk/nutritioninthenews/headlines/arsenicinrice.html Ha Phan Ai Nguyen, Yen Hoang Cu, Pensri Watchalayann, Nantika Soonthornchaikul. Jasmine rice, also known as Thai fragrant rice, is an aromatic “long-grain” rice where each grain is about four times as long as it is wide. Rice of any type grown in Arkansas, Missouri, Texas, and Louisiana (which accounts for 76 percent of domestic rice), except quick cooking and sushi rice, has the highest amounts of arsenic. Li Ma, Lin Wang, Yuyu Jia, Zhaoguang Yang. The well-read US publication Consumer Reports recommended last year that adults should consume no more than two to three servings of rice a week, but provided no evidence that more consumption - including daily consumption - is harmful. Human exposure to arsenic (As) via rice consumption is of increasing concern. Article Views are the COUNTER-compliant sum of full text article downloads since November 2008 (both PDF and HTML) across all institutions and individuals. Human exposure to dietary inorganic arsenic and other arsenic species: State of knowledge, gaps and uncertainties. Muhammad Bilal Shakoor, Rab Nawaz, Fida Hussain, Maimoona Raza, Shafaqat Ali, Muhammad Rizwan, Sang-Eun Oh, Sajjad Ahmad. Citations are the number of other articles citing this article, calculated by Crossref and updated daily. (Source: Bangkok Post,  Local News, Thai rice 'has lowest arsenic', 15 Jan 2013, link)  Rice Nutrition Vocabulary arsenic - a chemical element that is well-known as a poison สารหนู (See Wikipedia) arsenic poisoning in food - (See Wikipedia) toxic (adjective) toxicity (noun) arsenic toxicity - (See Wikipedia) Thai khao hom mali - Jasmine rice ข้าวหอมมะลิ (See Wikipedia) claims - to say something is true without proving it completely claims of arsenic in rice Thai rice 'has lowest arsenic' Research by the University of California into fears and claims of arsenic in rice poison (noun) - a chemical that will kill you or at least harm you  พิษ (See Wikipedia) naturally produced poison poisonous (adjective) -  ซึ่งเป็นพิษ the most poisonous grain - a crop like rice or wheat; the seed from cereal crops such as rice, wheat, or corn เมล็ดพืช the world famous Thai khao hom mali had the least amount of the naturally produced poison of any grain in the world publicised - information made widely available to many people online - on the internet publicised online press - newspapers and magazines, and those parts of television and radio which broadcast news, or reporters and photographers who work for them สื่อมวลชน release - to allow something to be shown or known to the public or to be available for use เปิดเผย, ปล่อยข่าว press release - information that a company or organization makes available to the public publicised online in a press release conclusion - something that you decide is true after consider all the evidence and thinking about it carefully การสรุป,บทสรุป failed to reach any conclusion failed to reach any conclusion about the dangers of arsenic in rice strain - different kinds of plants (the result of plant breeding) (See Wikipedia) plant breeding - the science of making new improved plants by combining existing plant breeds (See Wikipedia) basmati rice - a variety of rice grown in India and popular there (See Wikipedia) basmatic strains of rice basmatic strains imported into the US from India and Pakistan. alleged - claimed to be true although not yet proven ที่ถูกกล่าวหา content - 1. the percentage or amount of some ingredient or substance in a product; 2. the parts of a good alleged arsenic content activist -  people who work to promote social, political, economic or environmental change (through protests, the media and other events and writings) นักกิจกรรม, นักทำกิจกรรม (See Wikipedia) food activists - people who work to spread knowledge about dangers in food and other issues, a type of consumer activist food activists for alleged arsenic content consumer activism - activism  done to help consumers, to assert consumer rights (See Wikipedia) consumer activist - a person who does consumer activism targeted - aimed at a particular person or group that you oppose ตกเป็นเป้า intended to attack someone or something ตั้งเป้า เล็ง มุ่ง rice, targeted by many food activists for alleged arsenic content, so-called ... - people call it this, but may not be true .... so-called healthy rice organic - 1. organic food, food that is grown without chemicals such as fertilizers to increase growth or pesticides to kill insects or herbicides to kill weeds; 2. chemicals that occur naturally in living things (See Wikipedia) inorganic - not organic organic products organic products are the most poisonous of all syrup -  a thick liquid that pours and moves slowly น้ำเชื่อม brown rice syrup avoid brown rice syrup concluded - ended the university's letter concluded emerged - appeared; come into being ปรากฏออกมา re-emerged - appeared again scare stories about arsenic in rice re-emerged last year motivating - creating a desire to do something motivating scientists and researchers to look more deeply into the subject evidence - information that shows and proves something to be true หลักฐาน evidence emerged no evidence has emerged So far, no evidence has emerged of any danger from the naturally produced arsenic in rice. 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